Protestantism is regarded as the second most sizeable component of Christianity, with over 900 million followers. The origination of Protestantism was the Reformation, which took place as a result of the conflict between the Roman Catholic Church and its challengers. As a response to the rise of Protestantism, the counter-reformation was formed. That said, this paper tries to examine the actions from the Roman Catholic Church’s side against Protestantism by bringing vigorous examples and observations from the late 16th and early 17th centuries (Alice Felt, 1932).
The Counter-Reformation, which took place during the Reformation movement era, led to seminary embodiment for clergy, rehabilitation of numerous orders, as well as to the prominent effect on missionary activity, both in Protestant lands and in newly discovered areas. The key intention behind this campaign was the maintenance of power, control, and the existence of a religious and profound challenge to the Reformation. Paul Third Pope was the first pope of this movement, who also originated the Council of Trent, the committee of cardinals tasked with institutional Reformation with the aim of resembling controversial matters (Ozment, 1980).
The Counter-Reformation was based on five primary particles, such as the Reactionary protection of Catholic sacramental method, the ecclesiastical reconfiguration, the political dimensions, the spiritual progress, and spiritual adjustments.
The Counter-Reformation did not maintain a significant effect on the Reformation, nevertheless, by following the above-mentioned actions conducted by the Roman Catholic church, it becomes evident that it influenced the lifestyle of the European citizens. Last but not least, the Counter-Reformation’s originators managed to hinder the progress of the Reformation in France, Poland and Hungry during the 17th century.
OZMENT, STEVEN. “Catholic Reform and Counter Reformation.” The Age of Reform, 1250-1550: An Intellectual and Religious History of Late Medieval and Reformation Europe, Yale University Press, 1980, pp. 397–418. JSTOR, www.jstor.org/stable/j.ctt5vm07z.17.
Laven, Mary. “Encountering the Counter-Reformation.” Renaissance Quarterly, vol. 59, no. 3, 2006, pp. 706–720. JSTOR, JSTOR, www.jstor.org/stable/10.1353/ren.2008.0398
TYLER, ALICE FELT. “REFORMATION AND COUNTER-REFORMATION.” A Syllabus of Modern World History: For Use With Ferdinand Schevill: A History of Europe, NED – New edition ed., University of Minnesota Press, 1932, pp. 19–23. JSTOR, www.jstor.org/stable/10.5749/j.ctttsxwr.8
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