Africa was made the most disruptive and volatile region of the world due to the cold war rivalry between the two of the world’s foremost superpowers: the United States of America and the USSR. Cold war played a deterministic role in eroding the colonialism in Africa. Africa was thrown into a constant state of chaos and civil war due to which it had to go through numerous tribulations.
The cold war turned Africa into the most dangerous battleground. The main aim of American foreign policy towards Africa was to diminish the growing influence of the USSR and curtail the communism. The American policy towards Africa also aimed at preventing the USSR from replacing the colonial powers. Meanwhile, the Soviets were busy initiating their “communist offensive.” The American administrators followed an ambitious African foreign policy that exceeded the Cold War motives, “rooted in its own doctrinal experiences and beliefs directed to achieve world freedom and leadership” (Souleyman 2013).
The Africa of today now finds itself desperate for new friends who can provide help to sustain it both economically and politically. The Cold War rivalry has diminished the political resilience of Africa it once possessed. Africa lies devastated and fallen from the wounds of the Cold War era. It has turned into a mismanaged and frustrated mass of nomads.

Works Cited

Perlez, Jane. “AFTER THE COLD WAR: Views From Africa; Stranded by Superpowers, Africa Seeks an Identity.” The New York Times, The New York Times, 17 May 1992, https://www.nytimes.com/1992/05/17/world/after-cold-war-views-africa-stranded-superpowers-africa-seeks-identity.html.

Souleyman, Saleh, “Cold War Battleground in Africa: American Foreign Policy and the Congo Crisis, January 1959 – January 1961” (2013).

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